Germany - (N-R)

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See entry in Low Countries file.

NASSAUA family in Upper Westphalia which has had a significant impact on the world, in that they have provided monarchs for the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Great Britain.


NEUENAHR In the Western Ruhr region of Westphalia.


NÜRNBERG A city in central Germany, the site of an important Burggraviate during the Middle Ages. Associated with the old Swabian House of Hohenzollern from the end of the 12th century, when that House gained the Electorate of Brandenburg the region was constituted an allodial Margraviate within the dynasty, and thereafter merges with the fortunes of the Franconian Brandenburgs.

OLDENBURG A compact territory astride the lower Weser and its coastal estuary, between Frisia and Hamburg. Emerging as a county after the breakup of Saxony in the 12th century, it became a duchy in 1775, and was granted grand ducal status in 1815. Its importance arises from the fact that its ruling family inherited the Kingdom of Denmark in the 15th century, and through that connection branches have gone on to rule in Norway, Sweden, Schleswig and Holstein, Russia, and Greece. The territory was fragmented much less severely than normal German practice. A younger branch emerged, became extinct, and re-emerged four different times between 1272 and 1647 each time being given the territory of Delmenhorst. A junior branch of the family was situated in Wildeshausen and Bruchhausen between 1143 and 1388.





PFALZGRAFEN (Counts Palatine of Aachen and the Rhine) The Count Palatine of the Rhine is an ancient German office whose antecedents are lost in the Dark Ages. The territories of the office involved a region adjacent to the Rhine, north and northwest of Strasbourg.





 Now a rural district between Wesel (west) and Recklinghausen (east) in the State of Nordrhine-Westfalia, near the eastern bank of the Rhine river. The first phase of Raesfeld was the castle of Kretier, constructed ca. 1117 and burnt betw. 1259/<1265. Simon of Gemen built a new castle, which received the name of Rasvelde.



REIFFERSCHEID (and BEDBUR(G) from 1225/50) A lordship in the north of Rheinland-Pfalz, near the Belgian-German border. Reifferscheid is just northwest of the 7.7 km. Formula 1 racetrack, the Nürnburgring, and about 25 miles (40 km.) south-southwest of Bonn - Bedburg is 13 miles (21 km.) west-northwest of Köln.

REUSS In Thuringia, Counts from 1673, Princes from 1778. The Family of Reuss is noted for always naming every male child "Heinrich", each branch of the family using a variety of ennumeration systems to differentiate one from another; a practice adhered to since the 12th century.



RÜGEN A large island in the Baltic Sea immediately off the coast of northeastern Germany.